The origin of the Hand of Fatima symbolism is actually unknown but its meaning continue to descend from the ancient years up to the present generation. Its literal meaning comes from the Arabic word hamsa or khamsa meaning five and Fatima in reference to the daughter of Mohammed. The other name for it is in Jewish, Hand of Miriam, which refers to the sister of Moses and Aaron.
The meaning of this symbol has many variations. It is referred to as the “God’s Hand”. In various regions including the Middle East, it is a sacred symbol of God’s hand in the earth. This relates to the belief that God existence is in everything. Another meaning of this symbol relates to the sky god, Horus. It refers to the eye of Horus, which means man cannot escape from the eye of conscience. It says that the sun and moon are the eyes of Horus. Hand of Fatima also represents femininity. It is referred as the woman’s holy hand. It is believe to be having extraordinary characteristics that use to protect people from evil and other dangers. As symbol of femininity, the hand of Fatima has transcended to main feminine figure thus becoming the symbol of Virgin Mary for Christianity and Fatima for Islam.
Whatever meaning or representation it has, the Hand of Fatima remains to be an important part of the ancient history that continues to inspire many people today. People have adopted the symbol in every culture that eventually has become part of almost every kind of ornaments.